The factory of the Grachev brothers

The history

The factory of the Grachev brothers ("Grachev's Brothers") was founded by the master jeweler Grachev Gavriil Petrovich. Having received considerable practical experience, working for "Gasse" firm, Grachev decided to open his own business. The company was launched in 1866 and manufactured gold and silver products, and a year later opened its own store.

Like many companies of that time, it was a family business, and Gavriil Petrovich’s sons helped his father both in rolling-out the company and its successful development. First, there was receipt of the court supplier title, followed by the factory opening, then - the opening of the trading house "Brothers Grachevs", many awards and medals received at Russian and international exhibitions - these are the milestones in the development of the Grachev brothers' factory.

The trading house assortment was wide enough - these were orders received from the church, and products for the general public - toiletries, utensils, as well as truly unique items that made the factory famous.

Their products Grachevs whimsically decorated with enamel - in the form of picturesque images: portraits, landscapes or ornaments. Many processes at the factory were mechanized, which made it possible to use enamel filigree extremely widely. A typical feature of the Grachevs’ works were highly professional flat patterns of scans with enamel in the form of cobwebs.

Many of the factory masters’ works are the fruit of inspiration with antiquities, but with a new author's vision. Sculptural enamel and carving are quite a classic technique, and in these products the artistic continuity of the schools of the past is seen, but Grachevs brought in a lot of innovations, in particular, stained-glass enamel technique, although the fidelity to the traditions of Art Nouveau and Russian school are an integral part of the Grachevs’ factory heritage.

The revolution of 1917 and changes in the country related to it also affected the Grachev brothers' factory - first the enterprise was reoriented to the production of hand grenades, although silverware still remained in the assortment, but in 1918 the factory was closed, as were many other private firms of pre-revolutionary Russia.

Exhibits in the Museum Collection