Was founded in Leipzig in 1889 by Gustave Brachhausen in cooperation with engineer Paul Riessner. Gustave and Paul got acquainted and stroked up a friendship, working in the Leipzig company "Symphonion". Dreaming of their own business and bigger scope, they decided to create a new enterprise next to the former employer. It was in time - the industry of music boxes, mechanical household items and various engineering wonders endured rise, and the products flied off the shelf.
"Polyphon" started the production of clocks equipped with disc mechanisms (they were activated by coins), and musical boxes of various configurations. At the turn of the centuries, "Polyphon" promotes the fashion for embedding music devices in original bookshelves, cabinets and writing desks.
In 1892 the founder of the "Polyphon" Gustave Brachhausen, sensitively capturing the trends leaved for America to expand production and opened a branch in Jersey city.
Subsequent to the results of this visit, the co-owners refused from the initial idea to open a branch and took a decision to launch a company under a new independent brand – «Regina Music Box Company». For that purpose, they rented a building in Jersey city and attracted finance support from Knauth, Nachod & Kuhne.
Primarily "Polyphon produced the mechanisms and disks to supply new American manufacture. With time, it became unnecessary. The first specialized shop selling music boxes and watches was opened in America a year after the production was launched.
The company "Polyphon" was a part of the great trio "Die Drei Grosse" in the field of perforated plate blocks. By 1902, market competition had increased dramatically. The further development of recording industry and mass expansion of phonographs caused the decline of demand. The World War I also influenced the market - the company started experiencing serious financial difficulties. In 1922, the company "Polyphon" was bankrupted.
Exhibits in the Museum Collection
Metal disk No.2670 Fr. Junger “Only for you" (Nur für Sie)
Fr. Junger, Polyphon MusikwerkeИнв. 118.666-DM/МНС
Metal disk No.2221 "Festive Waltz" ("Kirmes Walzer")
Fr. Junger, Polyphon Musikwerkecirca 1900
Metal disk No.2663 Justus Wilhelm Lyra “Mai has come” (Der Mai ist gekommen)
Justus Wilhelm Lyra, Polyphon Musikwerkecirca 1900
Metal disk No.2733 Carl Heins “Two dark eyes” (Zwei dunkle Augen)
Carl Heins, Polyphon Musikwerkecirca 1900
Metal disk No.2328 Josif Ivanovici “Danube waves” (Donau Wellen)
Josif Ivanovici, Polyphon Musikwerkecirca1900
Metal disk No.2029 Josef Strauß “Barn Swallows from Austria” (Dorfschwalben aus Österreich)
Josef Strauß, Polyphon Musikwerkecirca 1900
Metal disk No.2666 Richard Henrion “Fehrbelliner Reitermarsch”
Richard Henrion, Polyphon Musikwerkecirca 1900
Metal disk No.3667 Paul Lienke “It Was Once” (Es war einmal) from the operetta “Im Reich des Indra”
Lincke, Paul, Polyphon Musikwerkecirca 1900
Metal disk No.2196 Karl Maxstadt “Walzer-Conversationen"
Karl Maxstadt, Polyphon Musikwerkecirca 1900
Metal disk No. 2010 Carl Maria Weber “Gebet: Leise leise” from the opera “Freischütz”
Carl Maria Weber, Polyphon Musikwerkecirca 1900
Disc music box "Polyphon Style 105P"
Disc musical box "Polyphon"
Disc musical box “Polyphon 104”
Musical box with metal disc
Malwine ach Malwine" from the operetta "The Girl from Schwartswald". Act II
Composer: Leon Essel, Polyphon MusikwerkeИнв.DM-92
Christmas song "Still night, holy night"
Composer: Franz Gruber, Words: Joseph Mor, Polyphon MusikwerkeИнв.DM-91
Composer: Émile Waldteufel, Polyphon Musikwerke1880
Fragment from the Operetta "Drei alte Schachteln"
Composer: Walter Kollo, Polyphon Musikwerke1917
Aria "What words can not say, a sweet kiss can". Operetta "Venus on Earth"
Composer: Paul Lincke, Polyphon Musikwerke1897
Hymn "Nearer, my God, to Thee"
Lowell Mason, Polyphon MusikwerkeИнв. DM-45