Imperial Stroganov College

The history

The school was founded in Moscow in October 1825 by the famous collector and patron of arts and crafts Count S.G. Stroganov and was originally named "School of drawing in relation to arts and crafts".

The appearance of the School, patterned after the Paris "Ecole du dessin", the purpose of which was "to give craftsmen, artisans and tradesmen the opportunity to improve their products with the help of science and art", was caused by the demands of the national culture and the country socio-economic development at that time, when traditional artistic crafts began to be replaced by industrial production. The main task of the School was to improve the quality of the Russian art industry products, to create the national style, to move away from imitating foreign masters whose works filled the Russian market at that time.

According to S. Stroganov, it was possible to change the situation in the Russian art industry and get rid of the foreign goods domination on the domestic market only by improving the quality of our own products. Thus, it was necessary to educate domestic draughtsmen that would work for national production; besides, their training should start from a young age.

In 1843, Count S. Stroganov hanged over the School to the state. It was transformed into the Second Drawing School. In 1860, it was merged with the First Drawing School into the Stroganov School of Technical Drawing. Additionally weaving, printing, modelling, painting and lithographic workshops were opened, and later, circa 1867, ceramics workshop was opened.

At the turn of the 19th – 20th centuries, the College experienced a resurrection. On February 23, 1900 in honor of its 75th anniversary, the School was renamed into the Imperial Stroganov Central Higher Industrial and Applied Arts College and passed under the patronage of Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna of Russia, and gained the right to place the State Coat of Arms on its products. The College became one of the major art centres in Russia. New workshops were opened in those years - foundry, chasing and assembling, enamel, galvanoplastic and jewelry. The leading Russian architects, painters and sculptors conducted classes there - Mikhail Vrubel, Fyodor Schechtel, Alexey Shchusev, Konstantin Korovin, Sergei Ivanov, Abram Arkhipov, Andrey Andreev. The sons of the famous Moscow enamel master Feodor Rückert, the painters from the Moscow branch of the Fabergé firm - M. Ivanov and S. Adrianov, the sons of jewelry firms and factories founders – G. Cheryatov and P. Ovchinnikov were among the students there.

Since 1862, the College participated in all prestigious Russian and international exhibitions and received the highest awards - silver medal at the 1867 International Exposition in Paris, honorary diplomas at the 1873 Vienna World's Fair and the 1876 Centennial International Exhibition, the Grand Prix at the 1900 Paris Exposition. The Stroganov College enjoyed great success at the 1911 Turin exhibition.
Imperial Stroganov College produced customized items for private clients, cities, municipal regions, the Imperial family members. Many leading art industry enterprises and firms, Russian artisan workshops work side by side with the College.
The College production was sold in the store under the of Industrial and Applied Arts museum that was established at the College for educational purposes in 1864 and was the first Moscow museum open for visiting by public at large in 1868.
In 1918, the Imperial Stroganov College was reformed into The First Free State Art workshops. In 1920, they were amalgamated with the Second Free State Art workshops into the Higher Art and Technical workshops that was reorganised into the Art and Technical Institute and had a very short-lived existence from 1928 to 1930, when it was reformed once more and four Institutes were opened on its basis – the Architectural institute, the Art, the Printing and Publishing (Polygraphic) institute, and the Textile institute. I n 1945, the Stroganov College was reconstructed under the name of Moscow Higher Industrial and Applied Arts College (the former Stroganov). In 1992, it was renamed to Moscow Industrial and Applied Arts Institute, named after Stroganov. Currently, this educational institution is renamed as Moscow State Stroganov Academy of Industrial and Applied Arts and it turns out designers, decorative, applied and monumental art painters and sculptors.

1. History of the Stroganov Academy: site. - URL:
2. Carl Faberge and the Russian Renaissance era. M., 2019
3. Fedunov S.N. The Stroganov School art metal of the second half of the 19th – early 20th centuries: prerequisites for creation, stylistic features and shape-generating principles: the thesis: 17.00.04 [Moscow State Art and Industrial Institute named after S.G. Stroganov]. - Moscow, 2008.

Exhibits in the Museum Collection