Rückert, Feodor Ivanovich

Biography

Feodor Ivanovich (Friedrich Moritz) Rückert, German by birth, was born in 1840 in France and is known for his works on cloisonne enamel, collaboration with C. Faberge and the creation of his own unique style. After moving to Russia, he studied graver craft and achieved perfection in creating works of silver decorated with enamel painting.

At the age of 46, Rückert opened his own workshop in Moscow, and a year later he achieved such a close cooperation with Carl Faberge that most of his workshop products  bore the brand of a famous jeweler.

Rückert opened his own factory in Moscow in 1910. It was located in the house where Fyodor Ivanovich lived himself with his family, workshops were also set there.

It should be noted that Rückert cooperated with other firms, in addition to Faberge: his talent attracted other well-known jewelers of the time, such as Kurlyukov, Ovchinnikov and Marshak.

It was a family business, and Pavel, the son of Fyodor Ivanovich, took an active participation in it. He, and his brother Fyodor, besides helping their father in the workshop, were trained at the Imperial Stroganov Central Art and Industrial School. It was Pavel whom his father handed over the firm in the 1900s, and it was Pavel who was able to perfect the style, the colors, and the ornaments.

With the outbreak of the First World War, the Rückerts left Moscow for a while and moved to Ufa, and in 1917 Fyodor Ivanovich died and was buried in Moscow.

Rückert’s works are characterized by the romantic enamel painting, executed in a charming and elevated style of Russian antiquity. Folklore, nature, everyday life is fantastically and skillfully with unlimited imagination woven into fairy stories. The most complex manual work, labor-intensive and laborious - cloisonne enamel - in the works of Rückert looks like inlaid with precious stones. Miniatures created in the technique of enamel, are exact copies of famous paintings of artists of the time.

Despite following the technology and fashion trends of that period, Rückert was able to create his own pattern, both from a technological point of view, and through the selection of scenes and color solutions.

Exhibits in the Museum Collection