April 15 is the International Day of Culture

On April, 15 Russia and many other countries celebrate the International Day of Culture. The date is associated with the signing on April 15, 1935 in Washington, D.C. of the treaty "On the Protection of Artistic and Scientific Institutions and Historical Monuments", which became known in the international legal practice as the Roerich Pact. In the same year in New York there was a holiday dedicated to the Banner of Peace – the official symbol of the Roerich Pact. The artist depicted it as three red circles enclosed in the red circle on white background.

Culture ensures the unity of this or that human community on the basis of common worldview reference points, relying on mythology, religion, philosophy, political-legal and moral standards, customs, ideological dominants, etc. These reference points are the basis for the formation of the value system of society and an individual.

Museums are places where we encounter the history of cultural values, repositories of social memory. When we look into the past through exhibitions and displays of artefacts, we better understand the present time. One is emotionally cleansed and internally energised when he "meets" certain exhibits. This special energy gives strength and enthusiasm for activities in different spheres of life and makes us more suffused persons.

Museums play an important role in preserving, studying and understanding the cultural, historical and scientific heritage of humanity.

The primary function of museums is the continuity of memory, which implies the transmission of socially significant knowledge and experience to subsequent generations. Museums have gradually transformed from repositories of valuables into areas with multiple functions and opportunities. They are becoming more accessible through modern technologies such as interactive exhibits and virtual tours. There has been a noticeable cultural shift in strategic approaches: from object-oriented to audience-oriented. The new approach places information (narration) at the forefront, followed by museum objects (exhibits).

Traditionally, a museum is a place where the collective experience of mankind in culture, art or other discipline is summarised. This is how people realise reality, compare the past and the future, and find important parallels and meanings.  Of course, the main functions of museums (preservation, study, attribution, and demonstration of exhibits to visitors) have not changed, but the methods of realising these functions today are no longer the same as they were 100 years ago.

The Extraordinary General Assembly of the International Council of Museums (ICOM) in Prague in August 2022, approved a new definition of  a "museum". It now reads as follows:  "A museum is a non-profit, ongoing institution in the service of society that researches, collects, preserves, interprets and exhibits the tangible and intangible (material and immaterial) heritage.

Museum Collection is a cultural and educational project. By storing, attributing and presenting exhibits, the museum actualises cultural heritage, ensuring its correlation and interaction with contemporary socio-cultural processes, and thus contributing to the reproduction and further development of culture. Today, on the International Day of Culture, you can recollect the exhibitions held in our wonderful museum and visit on-line excursions.

Video excursions sequence
Exhibition "The Order of Things"
"Circus Parade" exhibition of automata (parts I & II)
Exhibition "Ballad about Glass". Dedicated to Emile Galle ...
Exhibition " Fyodor Lorie and Egor Cheryatov. Coming back" and presentation of the Catalogue
Thematic exhibition dedicated to the 155th birth jubilee of the sculptor Paolo Troubetzkoy

Congratulations on the International Day of Culture to the representatives of creative professions, whose activities are aimed at protecting and multiplying the achievements of culture, art and science.
Inspiration, discovering new horizons and achievements, happiness and prosperity!