The second part of the virtual album GLASS ART is published (video, part II)
The second part of the virtual album GLASS ART is published (video, part II).
We present the second part of the virtual album devoted to art glass of the end XIXth - the beginning of the XXth centuries. The photos of unique works by Emile Gallet, Brothers Daum, Brothers Müller, Escalye de Cristal, Gabriel Argy-Rousseau, Franсois Dеcorchemont, Burgun, Schverer & Cie, Legra et Cie, Désiré Christian and Son and items manufectured in Saint-Louis Crystal plants are compiled in this album.
In the previous release, we referred to the creativity of the unique master Emile Gallet, and now we are presenting a well-known art manufactory of Daum brothers. French notary Jean Daum (1825 – 1885) founded this family-owned firm. In the70s of the XIXth century he purchased a small glass manufacture Verrierie Sainte-Catherine in Nancy. In 1878, having bought additional equipment and having enlarged the staff, he renamed it to Verrierie de Nancy (Glass production of Nancy). In 1885 after the father’s death, his sons developed the company and once again renamed it to Daum Freres& Cie, Verreries de Nancy. Under the supervision of the brothers (Daum Jean-Loui-Auguste, 1853 – 1909 and Daum Jean-Antjnin, 1864 – 1930) the firm became a successful entity. The production of the company was in large demand all over Europe.
The engagement of highly professional artists and masters, such as Jacques Gruber and Henri Berger to the creation of a product assortment and variety company accelerated the company success. The major part of models for the factory commercialize products was created following the sketches of Henri Berger. Brothers experimented with different technologies, concentrating on creation of colour glass items with various effects - a superficial cracked and opaque glass, the appearance of multi-colour glass inner layers by means of acid-etching and mechanical engraving. A large variety of methods and techniques were used in the process of glass production: engraving, vitrification (drawing a glass crumb application on the hot surface of glass subproduct with the subsequent warming up in the furnace and alloying with the main layer), complicated formation of items, creation of various reliefs from special glass paste, interlayer volumetric glass dressing.
In 1899, the firm patented its own technology of interlaminar glass decoration “intercalaire glass”, and in 1904 – the colour crumb technology. The new stage of experiments and search of new technologies is connected with the name of the artist Amalrik Voltaire, who came to the firm in 1906. He developed the methodology of "pate de verre" (glass dough) technology. Besides, he used the ancient technology of "cire perdue" (the melting wax) while creation of small statuary. All above mentioned allowed to create expressive and original decor items that were considered the gold standard of the "big style" era.
The Daum brothers’ manufactory was the only functioning glass entity in Lorraine during the economic crisis of the 30s. Nowadays The Daum brother’s factory is one of the best glass entities in France. As before, it continues to produce stemware and highly artistic home decoration.
The Daum brothers works are highly evaluated equally with Tiffany and Emil Gallé production.
Reference to video: October 2016. Art Vases Collection. Part III