Map of the Caucasus with the indication of its political status until 1801

    Map of the Caucasus with the indication of its political status until 1801

    Russia, Tbilisi


    Engraver: G. Disterdick.
    Chromolithography by К.Thomson

    Paper; сhromolithography

    57 х 62.5 cm (in the frame)


    The horizontal sheet features a military topographic map of the Caucasian Vicegerency until 1801 with indication of state, administrative-territorial and ethnic territorial borders with the adjacent territories of neighbouring Turkey and Persia. Fortified lines (Caucasian 1797 and Mozdok 1794), the track of the Caspian (Persian) trip of Emperor Peter I in the 1722-1723s, county towns, settlements and ethnic groups living on this territory are indicated.

    On the top right in the cartouche: “The map of Caucasus with indication of its political status until 1801. Notes to the Caucasian Archaeological Commission” ("Карта Кавказа Съ показанiемъ политическаго его состоянiя до 1801 года. Къ запискамъ Кавказской Археографической Коммисiи").

    On the bottom left under the grade frame: “Engraved by G. Disterdik” ("Грав. Г. Дистердикъ").
    On the bottom right under the grade frame: “Chromo-lithography by K. Thomson in Tiflis” ("Хромо - Литографiя К.Томсона въ Тифлiсе").
    Scale: 50 versts per inch. The subscriptions and inscriptions are in Russian.


    The Caucasian Vicegerency was a special administrative-territorial governing organ in the Russian Empire. It was founded by Empress Catherine II on the basis of Astrakhan governorate on 5 May 1785, and it was annihilated in 1796. Originally the center of the Vicegerency was located in Ekaterinograd (now rural locality Ekaterinograndskaya), since 1790 – in Astrakhan. Divided into two regions (Astrakhan and Caucasian) its territory included the following districts: Astrakhansky, Ekaterinogradsky, Aleksandrovsky, Georgievsky, Enotaevsky, Kizlyarsky, Krasnoyarsky, Mozdoksky, Stavropolsky and Chernoyarsky.

    The Caucasian Vicegerency was governed by vicegerent, who was in charge of the whole civilian authority (except legislative), and was subject to the Emperor.

    Acts of the Caucasian Archeographic Commission represent the official edition of documents on the history of Caucasus from the 10th century till 1862, recovered from the archive of the Chief Directorate of the Caucasian vice-regent. They were issued at the initiative of Russian authorities edited by the Chairman of the Caucasian Archeographic Commission (established in 1864) Adolf Petrovich Bergé (1828 -1886). Twelve volumes of this edition contain various data on the history of the Caucasian peoples: Arabian chronicle, firmans, grant-charters and other acts, mainly from the 14th century till the first half of 19th century in Georgian, Armenian, Russian, Arabic, Persian, Tatar, Turkish languages with Russian translation as well as the genealogy of local khans and sultans. Every volume involves all the documents issued during the reign of any Caucasian vice-regent.