Fairground organ

    Fairground organ

    Austria-Hungary, Kratzau, Zittau


    Gerbüder Riemer

    Wood, metal, brass, steel, leather, fabric, mirror; casting, carpentry, lathing, painting, colouring

    147 х 92 х 200 cm, 300 kg

    On the facade: "Gebrüder Riemer Kratzau Böhmen Zittaui / Sachsen". On the left sticker: medal prints - on the right an angel holding a wreath above the seated lady head and circle-wise inscription: "* INBENEREIS DES K.K. HANDELS-MINISTERIUMS IN WIEN"; on the left side - profile of King Franz Josef I and circle-wide inscription: " FRANZ JOSEPH I. KAISER VON OESTERREICH KOENIG VON BOEHMEN EIC APOST KOENIG VON UNGARN "; numbered list of tunes in the Czech language. On the right sticker: "Gebrüder Riemer", "Kratzau i. Böhme "Program I"; numbered list of tunes in German.


    Organ in wooden case, on the pedestal with ornamentation and protruding feet, painted in white, yellow and red shades, with semi-columns on facade lateral sides, and a profiled cornice. Green bar with carved fancy animals and a fruit vase and branches with green leaves is on the cornice. Red colour inscription is on the frieze: "Gebrüder Riemer Kratzau Böhmen Zittaui / Sachsen". Two vertical niches in curly frames with carved ornaments and five metal silver coloured pipes in each, covered with Bordeaux fabric from the inner side, are on the front panel. Niche with thirteen piccolo pipes with cover plugs in the form of acorn, against the painted mirror background, surrounded by the frame with carved ornament in the form of green leaves and golden curls, is in the upper part between those vertical niches. Panel with carved ornament in the form of fruit vase, two fancy animals and branches with green leaves against red fabric, is under the niche. Metal handles for carrying are on the case sides, the removable pinned barrel lid with an aperture for the axis, fixed by two brackets, is on the right side. A crank in the form of an anchor, which raises and lowers the key frame in the operating position, is on the left side. The pinned barrel knife and bolt mechanism, seven sliders’ metal handles are below. The rear side is stepped, two removable frames, tightened with red fabric, close the upper part, a set of flue and trumpet wooden pipes is visible behind. The lower part with white lid on two hinges is of later manufacturing.

    Two stickers with lists of tunes  and handwritten inscriptions are on the lid inner surface. Left sticker with an artistic frame, with two stamps’ imprints and inscriptions in violet ink. Right one is in shaded frame with black China ink inscriptions. Pinned barrel for nine tunes and key frame with sixty-one key are under the lid. With the key frame raised, the barrel can be set in one of nine positions according to the selected melody. Metal flywheel with wooden handle is right behind. As the flywheel rotates, the worm gear rotates the barrel, and the crank mechanism activates the working bellows, which pump air into the wind chest with valves distributing the compressed air between the pipes. Pins and bridges on the pinned barrel raise the reading keys that open the valves of the respective pipes; the air from the wind chest enters the pipes and makes them sound. Music media: pinned barrel.