Fairground organ

    Fairground organ

    Germany, Waldkirch


    A. Ruth & Sohn

    Wood, metal, brass, steel, leather, fabric; casting, carpentry, lathing, marquetry

    115 х 65 х 146 cm

    On the key frame notes' names in German and: “4128”; on rear side flat end: “4128”; on facade bottom: “A. Ruth & Sohn in Waldkirch Baden”; on paper sticker: “A. Ruth & Sohn, Orgelfabrik, Walkirch”; handwritten list of nine tunes in German


    Fairground organ in rectangular wooden case on the pedestal with corner feet. Removable frame with two narrow windows on the sides and two in the middle closes black polished facade, decorated with carving and golden paint. Lateral and central windows are tightened with lilac fabric from the inner side. Fifteen white wooden piccolo pipes with black cover plugs in the form of an acorn are in the top window against a lilac-coloured background. Carved golden colour relief image of a lyre twisted by leaves, against the background of crossed pipes and flags is in the center of the bottom window. Façade upper part is crowned by a volumetric carved wooden finial made of foliate elements and decorated with golden colour ornaments in the corners. The manufacturer’s name is on the bottom crossbeam of the frame: "A. Ruth & Sohn in Waldkirch Baden". The sides of the case and the pedestal are veneered with walnut and decorated with triple narrow frame made of different wood species. Two foldable cast handles for carrying are fixed at the bottom of each side. Pinned barrel knife and bolt mechanism is on the left side. Located above crank raises and lowers the key frame in the working position. Four sliders’ metal knobs and pinned barrel removable lid with an aperture for the axis, fixed with a thumbscrew are on the right side. The rear side is stepped, with a lid over the step; the upper part is tightened with fabric. Paper label with the manufacturer’s name and handwritten list of tunes in German is on the lid inner side. The pinned barrel with nine tunes and key frame with fifty keys, according to the number of basic tones are under the lid. With the rack raised, the barrel can be moved along the axis and set to one of the nine fixed positions according to the selected melody. When the flywheel mounted on the organ rear side rotates, the worm gear rotates the barrel, and the crank gear drives the bellows blowing air into the wind chest, the chamber with valves distributing the compressed air between the pipes. The pins and bridges on the barrel raise the keys that open the valves of the respective pipes.
    The organ is mounted on wooden quadrangular frame.