Barrel Organs

Street organs

    Street organs

    Austria, Hainsdorf

    early 20th century

    Karl Platzer Hainsdorf

    Wood, metal, brass, steel, leather, fabric, paper; casting, carpentry, lathing, polishing

    57 х 30.5 х 51 cm, 16 kg

    On the paper label: “1. Oberland, 2.Steiriesch, 4. Masur, 5. Wiener Ll..t Walzer, 6 Haben Wiener, Walzer, 7 Schnel Polga, 8 Schnel Polga, 9 Rosenkranz Li., 10 Kärtner Marsch”


    Organ in rectangular polished wooden case with corner feet, lined with slats of maple wood. The front side is closed with a removable lattice with three curtained windows, covered with light green fabric. Steel handles - staples for carrying are mounted on the lateral sides. Pinned barrel knife and bolt mechanism is on the left side. Located above, arcuate crank raises and lowers the key frame in the operating position. Pinned barrel round removable lid with an aperture for the axis and a slider handle with the rope loop is on the right side. The top side is a hinged lid that opens access to the pinned barrel, keyframe and pipes. Paper label with black ink written list of tunes is fixed on the lid inner side. Pinned barrel for nine tunes and keyframe with twenty-four keys, according to the number of basic tones are under the lid. With the keyframe raised, the barrel can be moved along the axis and set to one of the nine fixed positions according to the selected melody.

    The keyhole for locking the lid, the belt clip and crank are on the rear side. When the crank rotates, the worm gear rotates the barrel, and the crank gear activates the bellows blowing air in the wind chest, the chamber with valves distributing the compressed air between pipes. The barrel pins and bridges raise the keys that open the valves of the respective pipes.