Barrel Organs

Barrel organ “HARMONIPAN”

    Barrel organ “HARMONIPAN”

    Germany, Berlin

    1889 - 1918s

    Frati & Company

    Wood, metal, brass, steel, leather; casting, carpentry, lathe, marquetry, varnishing

    57.4 х 35 х 58 cm

    On the front panel: “HARMONIPAN”, “FRATI & Co BERLIN. N 37.”; inscriptiom on the paper label in Danish: "Bamse's Fødselsdag”, “Katinka, Katinka”, “Brudevalsen”, “Det er så yndigt at følges ad”, “Pigen fra Fyn”, “Lirekassemanden’s Datter”, “Onkel fra Minnesota”, “Den gamle Gartner”

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    Barrel organ in rectangular wooden case on a plinth with corner feet, decorated with brass plates. The lateral sides are veneered with walnut and varnished. The imperial emblem of Kaiser Germany – a black eagle, looking to the left with a crown over its head and a shield on its chest, surrounded by branches and leaves in a thin curly frame with shields beneath the crowns in circles are on the plinth façade center. The names of the organ "HARMONIPAN" and the company "FRATI & Co BERLIN. N 37” in the frame composed of three different colours veneer are above the plinth. The inscriptions on the panel and ornament on the plinth are in the marquetry technique. Nineteen wooden flute pipes covered with black plugs are in the open top part. Yellow metal handles for carrying are on the lateral sides. Programe barrel knife and bolt mechanism is on the left side. A superposed rotary handle in the form of an anchor raises and lowers the lath with sensor keys in the working position. A removable round lid of the programe barrel with an aperture for the axis is on the right side. Two hinged lids closed on hooks are on the top. A paper sticker with a list of tunes in Danish is on the rear lid inner surface. A program barrel for eight tunes and a lath with thirty-three tunes, according to the number of basic tones and sensor keys are under the lid. When the lath is raised, the barrel can be moved along the axis and set to one of eight fixed positions according to the selected melody. When the handle on the rear side is rotated, the worm gear rotates the barrel, and the crank gear drives the bellows blowing air into the wind chest, a chamber with valves distribute the compressed air between the wind pipes. The pins and bridges on the program barrel raise the sensor keys that open the valves of the respective pipes through the sticks. The organ repertoire is based on melodies popular in Denmark in the 1950s. The programe barrel is of later origin.

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    Инв. 299/ММП