Street organ “Harmonipan”
Street organ “Harmonipan”
Frati & Co.
Wood, metal, brass, steel, leather; casting, carpentry, lathing, marquetry
69 х 37 х 62 cm, 24 kg
On the case front side: "HARMONIPAN", "FRATI & Co BERLIN. N 37". Inside the case "543"(twice), on the medal right squeeze - image of the Charlottenburg Palace and inscription circle-wise: "*2 - 5 Juli 1981* Internationales Drehorgelfest Berlin". On the left medal obverse squeeze - profile of King Willem III of the Netherlands surrounded by ribbons, coats of arms and circle-wise inscription in Dutch: "WILLEM III KONING DER NEDERLANDEN HOOGE BESCHERMHEER VAN DE TENTOONSTELLING", on the blank: "Frati & Co.", "Berlin N., Schönhauser Allee No. 73.", "Programm zu No. 7543", followed by the numbered list of tunes in German: "1. Kuckuckswalzer Walzer"," “2. Spanischer tango Tango", "3. Der kleine Gardoffizier Marsch", "4. Ich bin ja so glücklich Lied", "5. Berliner-Hinterhofmusik Lied", "6. Ein Freund ein guter Freund Marsch", "7. In Paris da sind die Mädchen Lied", "8. Berliner Marsch Marsch"
Organ in wooden case, on pedestal with ornately shaped feet with brass onlays on the side ribs, lateral and rear sides are veneered with maple wood and varnished. Dark brown colour ornament of flowers and leaves in marquetry technique in the frame is on the pedestal front side. Nineteen wooden piccolo pipes with cover plugs of black and golden colours are on the façade open part. The inscription in the frame: "HARMONI = PAN", "FRATI & Co BERLIN. N 37" and two brass medals’ prints are below. On the left side - the obverse medal print from the International Colonial Exhibition by Antoine Fisch in 1883 with the profile of the King of the Netherlands Willem III; on the right – medal print of a participant of Berlin International Festival of Street Organics, held on July 2-5, 1981.
Pinned barrel removable lid with an aperture for the axis is on the right side, a crank in the form of an anchor, which raises and lowers the key frame in the working position, is on the left side. Pinned barrel’s knife and bolt mechanism is below. Two lids with hook locks are on the top panel. A set of flue and wooden trumpet pipes is visible under the front lid. Blank with a typewritten list of tunes is on the rear lid inner side. Pinned barrel with eight tunes and key frame with thirty-three keys, according to the number of basic tones are under the lid. With the key frame raised, the barrel can be set in one of eight positions according to the selected melody. Metal crank with wooden handle is on the rear side. When the crank rotates, the worm gear rotates the barrel and the crank gear drives the working bellows, which pump air into the wind chest with valves. The pins and bridges on the barrel raise the keys that open the valves of the respective pipes; the air from the wind chest enters the pipes and makes them sound.
The organ is mounted on a cart with a box with handle and lock, with blue plate with jocular advice to married couples and beige color sticker with floral ornamentation and a chassis of later manufacturing with spring shock absorbers. Music media: pinned barrel. The King of the Netherlands Willem III (1817-1890) is the son of the King of the Netherlands Willem II and Anna Pavlovna, the youngest daughter of the Russian Emperor Paul I and the sister of the Emperor Alexander I.