Mechanical Musical Instruments and Objects

Wind Instruments

Organs, barrel organs, harmoniums, roller organs and organettes, serinettes and accordions are presented in the Museum section "Wind instruments". Being different in construction and design, having various mechanisms and decoration styles, all objects are united by the way of sound extraction - the sound is originated by air passage through the labial pipes.

Many researchers believe that Pan's flute (pipe) might be an ancestor of the wind instruments. According to the legend, a goat-hoofed God of forests and fields, Pan met a beautiful naiad Syrinx and fell in love with her. Young Syrinx was scared and begged the river to hide her from the enamored pursuer. Hearing to the naiad's supplication, the river God turned Syrinx into the reed. The sorrowful Pan crouched near the reed and heard how the wind gusts caught the reed that emitted wonderful sounds. The enamored Pan decided to cut off the stem of this plant and made a flute out of it.

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Folk wind instrument, a multi-piped flute, which has survived to our days, is called "Syrinx" in Greece.
Some historians call Pan's flute an ancient organ that preceded the emergence of a hydraulus - the prototype of modern organ. Hydraulus (hydraulic organ) is believed to have been created in 246 BC by the ancient Greek inventor Ctesibius of Alexandria. The hydraulic organ was driven by two reciprocating pumps (one pumped air in, the other pumped it to the pipes), and used a water tank to equalize the pressure.

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