Russian Glass Art and Ceramic Art

Grace cup with the drinking proverb in Cyrillic

    Grace cup with the drinking proverb in Cyrillic

    Russian Empire, Oryol province, Bryansk district, Dyatkovo village

    1880-1890

    Boehm E.M. - sketch author, Dyatkovo Crystal Factory

    Double-layer glass; Double-layer glass; gold painting

    Height 16.5 cm, diameter (welt) 13.5 cm

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    Grace cup was created according the samples of ancient Russian banquet metal and wooden utensils at the Dyatkovo Crystal Factory within the framework of the increased interest to the National artistic traditions. The author of the forms sketches painting is the artist Elizaveta Merkurievna Boehm, born Endaurova (1843-1914). Having received the art education at the drawing school under the Society for the Encouragement of Arts, she was engaged in lithography, drawing, silhouette, watercolors, illustrating books for children. Elizaveta Boehm became interested in glass, casually - her brother, A. Endaurov, served as the Managing Director at the Dyatkovo Crystal Factory, which was founded by the Maltsov merchants’ family in the early 1790s in the Bryansk district.

    Already in the early 1870’s E. Boehm presented his first sketches of paintings on glass vessels in the Russian style. Grace cups became one of the first examples. It is reported that the artist herself took part in painting on her glass works. Elizaveta’s talent as glass decorator was fully recognized in the early 1890s. E. Boehm received a well-deserved award for painting glass objects, presented in the section of women creativity at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago (1893). The glass vessels were made mainly from transparent crystal of golden or blue color at the Dyatkovo Crystal Factory. Grace cups of this kind are very rare. Despite the absence of the factory mark, those cups were created at the DCF, since it was the only place where the original author's glass in the Russian style according to the sketches of E. Boehm was produced. The analogues of her works with her signature are stored in the museums and private collections. Boehm’s creative work is a magnificent artifact of the Russian art of the Historical reminiscences era, evidence of the artistic heritage creative treatment. It represents fruitful union of the professional artist with the factory production.

    Grace cup, repeating the shapes of the ancient Russian feast vessels, is made from transparent bright blue (the top) and muted milk glass (inside) by the duplication method – application of glass layers. Chemically matted surface of the grace cup is decorated by two rows (eight elements each) of gold painting in the form of two-headed eagles. The enamel base creates the effect of gilded relief. The inscription in Cyrillic is on the profiled throat.

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    Инв.2147/ДПИ