Russian Glass Art and Ceramic Art

Shtof-bottle with stopper and images of two-headed eagle, griffin and monogram of Empress Catherine II

    Shtof-bottle with stopper and images of two-headed eagle, griffin and monogram of Empress Catherine II

    Russian Empire, Vladimirskaya guberniya, Melenkovsky district, town Gus-Khrustalny


    Designed by architect Fyodor Schechtel (1859-1926), Gusevsky Crystal Factory

    Transparent colorless glass; engraving, guilloche

    Height 24 cm


    Tetrahedral shtof of transparent, colorless glass, with wide front and narrow lateral sides, with cylindrical neck and stopper with flat finial. The shtof wide sides are decorated with the image of two-headed eagle beneath Imperial crown, with a scepter and an orb, with the monogram of Empress Catherine II - "EII" on its chest is on one side. The Romanov family coat of arms in the form of a griffin- custodian, standing on vine shoot with the shield and sword, with the initials "EII" beneath the Imperial crown, is on the other wide side. The images of a large tulip on high stem are on the narrow lateral sides.

    This memorial shtof was produced for the 300th anniversary of the Romanovs House reign that was widely celebrated in 1913. Artisans, firms, and workshops had started preparing to this important event in the life of the Russian Empire three years before the date of celebration official announcement. Magnificent churches were erected and numerous memorabilia (medals, coins, postcards, etc.) were created. Peculiar gift shtofs, vodka shot glasses, and glasses decorated with the distinctive “Romanov style” images dedicated to this historical anniversary, were produced at the Yuri Stepanovich Nechaev-Maltsov Gus-Crystal, according to the sketches of the famous architect Fyodor Schechtel. The National Emblem with the monogram of royal persons – beginning from Elizabeth Petrovna and Catherine II up to Nicholas II was on the one side, the Romanov House coat of arms was on the other side. Stylistically, these items represent the so-called "Russian Retrospectivism" that reflects the special embranchment of the official line in the development of the "National Russian style" in the 20th century. This style emerged the Russian applied art of the past centuries artistic samples.