Russian Glass Art and Ceramic Art

Shtof-bottle with the images of two-headed eagle, griffin and monogram of Empress Catherine II

    Shtof-bottle with the images of two-headed eagle, griffin and monogram of Empress Catherine II

    Russian Empire, Vladimirskaya guberniya, Melenkovsky district, town Gus-Khrustalny 1913


    Designed by architect Fyodor Schechtel (1859-1926), Gusevsky Crystal Factory

    Transparent colorless glass; engraving, guilloche

    21.5 x 9.5 x 7 cm


    Tetrahedral shtof of transparent colorless glass, with wide front and rear sides, narrow lateral sides, with cylindrical neck. The shtof wide sides are decorated with the image of two-headed eagle beneath the Royal crown, with a scepter and orb and Empress Catherine II - "EII" monogram on its chest. The House of Romanov coat of arms in the form of griffin- custodian that stands on vine-shoot with shield and sword, with the initials "EII" beneath the Imperial crown, is on the second wide side. The images of large tulips on high stem are on narrow lateral sides.
    This memorial shtof was produced for the 300th anniversary of the Romanovs House reign that was widely celebrated in 1913. Artisans, firms, and workshops had started preparing to this important event three years before the celebration date official announcement. Magnificent churches were erected and numerous memorial items (medals, coins, postcards, etc.) were created. Peculiar gift shtofs, vodka shot glasses, and vine glasses decorated with the distinctive “Romanov style” images dedicated to this historical anniversary, were produced at the Yuri Stepanovich Nechaev-Maltsov Gus-Crystal enterprise, according to the sketches of the famous architect Fyodor Schechtel. The National Emblem with the monogram of Royal persons – beginning from Elizabeth Petrovna and Catherine II up to Nicholas II was on the one side, and the Romanov House coat of arms was on the other one. Stylistically, these items represent the so-called "Russian Retrospectivism" that reflects the special embranchment of the official line in the development of the "National Russian style" in the 20th century. This style emerged the Russian applied art of the past centuries artistic samples.