Photo album "The 19th century writing tools" for the Day of Slavic Script and Culture
The Slavic family of languages has a thousand-year history, complex geography and many similarities and differences.
The Day of Slavic Script and Culture is celebrated annually on May 24. On this day, the founders of Slavic writing, Saints Cyril and Methodius, are honored. The brothers Cyril (born Constantine, 826–869) and Methodius (815–885) were Orthodox monks. They lived in a monastery in the Greek city of Solun (Thessaloniki). It was there that they created the Slavic alphabet. Scientists believe that Slavic script was invented in the 9th century, circa 863. The new alphabet was named "Cyrillic" after one of the brothers; his elder brother Methodius helped him. Cyril from an early age showed great ability and perfectly comprehended all the sciences of his time, learned many languages as well, created the Slavic alphabet based on the Greek one. He significantly changed the Greek alphabet in order to convey the Slavic sound system more accurately.
Two alphabets were created - Glagolitic and Cyrillic scripts. The brothers translated Liturgical books into the Slavic language. Pope John Paul II declared Saints Cyril and Methodius the Patrons of the Old Continent in 1980 for their contribution to the culture of Europe.
The Day of Remembrance of these saints as the Day of Slavic Script and Culture began to be celebrated in Bulgaria back in the 19th century, and later other countries: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova took up the initiative. In our country, the holiday was revived in 1986, and in 1991, it gained the status of a state holiday.
For the Day of Slavic Script and Culture, we have prepared a photo album "The 19th century writing tools”, which presents items from the museum Collection exposition.
The holiday is traditionally accompanied by various events: scientific conferences, concerts, festivals and fairs. The Native language lessons are held in schools, where children are introduced to the contribution of Cyril and Methodius to the language and culture of our country.
A major literary event has been timed to coincide with the Day of Slavic Script and Culture - the presentation of the Patriarchal Prize named after Cyril and Methodius. The Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church established it. The prizewinners are contemporary authors who have made a significant contribution to the development of Russian literature.
Interesting facts about Slavic languages
- 8 countries celebrate the Day of Slavic Script and Culture. They are Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Serbia, Czech Republic, and Moldova. In some of them, the holiday falls on other dates.
- 13 languages (according to various estimates from 10 to 18) comprise the Slavic group.
- More than 400 million people in the world speak the Slavic group languages.