Selection of Russian marches from the museum Collection Musical Library
Vast variety of the National music genres provides the opportunity to include annually diverse pieces in the repertoire of military brass bands that participate in the international festival "Spasskaya Tower", in particular – the abundance of anthems and marches.
Several Russian marches, "The Krasnoflotskiy March" is among them, written by the prominent Russian composer of the 20th century - I. Dunaevsky, arranged by Nikolai Minkh (lyrics by Alexander Churkin) are stored in the museum Collection Library of sound on the Aprelevsky plant the gramophone records.
I.O. Dunaevsky is a classic of the Soviet operetta, the author of the popular songs of the 30-50s. His creative work gained the national recognition. His cheerful, vivacious melodies assisted to live and renovate the society, attended leisure time and studying. The 30s - the period of Dunaevsky’s heyday of creativity. Films with his music appeared in sequence: "Jolly Fellows" (“Happy-Go-Lucky Guys”), “Three Comrades”, “Goalkeeper”, “Circus”, “The Children of Captain Grant”, “Seekers of Happiness”, “Beethoven's Concert”, “The Rich Bride”, “Volga-Volga”, “Bright Path”. The songs from these films spread all over the country - "Kakhovka", "March of Athletes", "March of Tractor Drivers", "Oh, Good", "By wide road", "March of Enthusiasts", "Song of the Motherland". During the Great Patriotic War, Isaak Osipovich directed the Song and Dance Ensemble of the Railway men Central House of Culture, performed with it on various stages and for front-line military units. Dunaevsky creative heritage is extensive. It includes music for twenty films, for fifteen operettas and large quantity of songs. Another work by Dunaevsky, stored in the museum Collection Library of sound - "Sports March" from the movie "Goalkeeper" (lyrics by V. Lebedev-Kumach).
Dunaevsky became nation-wide known and loved owing to the music that he composed for movies. The genre of the Soviet musical comedy that influenced the development of all mass musical genres, including operetta - emerged due to Dunaevsky. The works of Dmitri Shostakovich, Sergei Prokofiev and Isaak Dunaevsky raised the movie music to the rank of the highest art, finally putting the end to its illustrative character. Actual musical dramaturgy of the movie emerged, which led to the revolution in artistic views on the music accompanying cinema.
Film director Grigori Alexandrov returned to Moscow in August 1932, after a long-term practice at film studios in Europe, the USA and Mexico. He came dreaming of creating a musical picture in his motherland. Isaac Dunaevsky, composer and St. Petersburg Music Hall conductor, was introduced to him. The acquaintance took place in Utesov’s apartment. Sitting down at the piano, talking about the future movie, sketching musical episodes, Dunaevsky and Alexandrov launched their long joint artistic journey. Sixteen of the 28 films in which the music of Dunaevsky sounded, were produced by Alexandrov, the rest - by Ivan Pyryev, Mikhail Shapiro, Yan Frid, Leonid Trauberg, Semen Timoshenko and others.
The 30s were the heyday of physical culture movement in our country. Just like nowadays, the boys were fond of football. Thus, everybody had his favorite team, his "master of the ball". Youngsters tended to the stadiums of "Young Pioneers" and "Dynamo" in overcrowded trolleybuses and buses, long before a matchup started. Both children and adults enjoyed football matches as if it were holidays. Naturally, the movie “The Goalkeeper” by Semen Timoshenko that was released in 1936, where the full strength of Dynamo Kiev was filmed, gathered hundreds of spectators at cinemas’ entrances. The film dramatic "pivot" was the impetuous "Sports March", to which the poet Lebedev-Kumach wrote the lyrics: "To keep your body and soul young, do not be afraid of either heat or cold, be tempered like steel!"
Soon Anton Kandidov became the idol of the boys of the 30s. Everybody was singing a new roll-call march. Anton Idzkovsky, the Dynamo team goalkeeper, had been teaching the main character, the goalkeeper of the Cape buffaloes, acted by Grigori Pluzhnik, to catch the ball and fall professionally for two months. The music for this film composed by Dunaevsky and the script itself formed the basis of the novel "The Goalkeeper of the Republic" by Lev Kassil – it was one of the first works on sports topics in the Soviet fiction.
One of the most prominent works of the Soviet brothers-composers Dmitry and Daniil Pokrass to the lyrics V. Lebedev-Kumach is “The May Moscow”. The song was originally called "Moscow" and was intended for the Soviet documentary "The 20th May". It was written in 1937 and dedicated to the 20th anniversary of the Soviet regime establishment.
As soon as it sounded in the first record, the song "The May Moscow" became extremely popular and truly loved by the audience. It constantly sounded on the radio and was considered the hallmark of the capital and the country as a whole.
All presented records were digitized from gramophone records stored in the Music Library of the museum Collection.