Barrel Organs

Portable organ (barrel organ)

    Portable organ (barrel organ)

    Russian Empire, Odessa


    I.Nechada organs and orchestrions factory

    Wood, metal, brass, steel, leather, fabric; woodwork, lathing, marquetry, painting,

    56 x 51 x 36 cm

    On the case front side: “НЕЧАДА Балковская № 191 ОДЕССА”. On the keyframe and wind chest: "1519"


    Barrel organ in wooden veneered case, on the pedestal with ornately shaped feet with brass engraved onlays on the side ribs. The images of cherubs with musical instruments and floral ornament in marquetry technique are on all case sides and pedestal. A removable panel with ornament and four windows closes the façade with metal brackets on the side ribs and ornaments comprised of water lilies. The painted images of dancers with ribbons on metal lattice over green background are in the vertical windows. The birds surrounded by flowers over green background are in the horizontal window. A bar is above. The inscription is above “НЕЧАДА Балковская No 191 ОДЕССА”. Fourteen metal piccolo pipes with black plugs, with red ribbon and pendants, made of various materials over the painted branches with birds are in the open window. Staples and a carrying strap with multicoloured ribbons, the images of wrestlers in the marquetry technique in the composed frames  are on the lateral sides. The pinned barrel lid with an aperture for the axis and six tips of register sliders with red ribbons are on the right side.
    A crank in the form of an anchor that lowers the keyframe in the operating position is on the left side. The knife and bolt mechanism is beneath. Two lids with hook locks, decorated with foliate ornamentation in the marquetry technique are on the top panel. A set of flue wooden pipes is behind the front lid. The pinned barrel for eight tunes and a keyframe with the number "1519", notes and twenty-seven keys, according to the number of basic tunes are behind the back lid. With the keyframe raised, the pinned barrel can be set in one of eight positions according to the selected melody. An image of a girl with two lambs framed by floral ornament, in front of the fence, and a metal crank with wooden handle are on the rear side. As the crank is moved, the worm gear rotates the barrel; the crank gear drives the bellows that inject air into the wind chest with the valves. The pins and brackets on the pinned barrel raise the keys that open the valves of the respective pipes; the air from the wind chest enters the pipes and makes them sound. Music media: pinned barrel.