Phonographs

Phonograph "Graphophone HG Home Grand"

    Phonograph "Graphophone HG Home Grand"

    USA, New-York

    1890

    American Graphophone Company, Hawthorne & Sheble Manufacturing Company

    Wood, metal, specular stone, brass, rubber; mechanical and carpentry works, casting, varnishing, nickel plating, polishing

    123 x 86 x 70 cm, 77 kg

    On the nameplate: “THE GRAPHOPHONE/PATENTED/MANUFACTURED BY THE AMERICAN GRAPHOPHONE COMPANY/Type HG /6090/NEW YORK N.Y. U.S.A.”; decalcomania on the body frame: “GRAPHOPHONE”

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    The phonograph "Graphophon" model HG (early) by American Graphophone Company is installed on it is the working surface of secretaire- shaped device. The secretaire case is made from oak wood and finished with light varnish. The case bottom part is a pedestal on wheels with six pullout drawers for storing barrels. Lateral sides are decorated with panels with carved narrow panel strips. Carved onlays, featuring images of burning torches surrounded by laurel wreath with ribbons and thin frame with curls in the corners are on the panels.

    The drawers’ front sides are ornamented with carved shell-shaped handles, surrounded by thin onlay frames. Phonograph barrels are slipped on six cylindrical shoulders, fixed in six drawers. Top panel with ornately shaped leading edge is working space. Frieze decorated with carved foliage pattern is below the top panel. The shelf with two narrow drawers and round knobs is on the top panel. Retractable swivel cover in the shape of a drum sector is mounted in the shelf. The phonograph mechanism is mounted on steel nickel-plated panel.

    Cast support with spindle, on which the phonograph barrel is mounted, is on the top panel surface. Hollow rod, along which the carriage with sound box moves, is fixed in front of the spindle. The drive-screw geared to the spindle shaft is inside the rod. The sound box is comprised of specular stone diaphragm, in the center of which the end of the tone arm with the reproducing needle is fixed.

    The mechanism is belt driven. Motor with two springs and centrifugal control in wooden casing is located on the mounting plate bottom side. Winding crank fits into aperture on the case right lateral side. Corrugated speed control crank and the activating lever are in front of the motor on the top panel. The mechanism cast stand is covered with black varnish and adorned with colored image of branches and leaves. Goldish inscription “GRAPHOPHONE” is on the front side. Sound reproduction is carried out through aluminum horn "No. 4". Aluminum horn, brass horn, bracket, winding crank, secretaire key, and two flexible tubes in braided cable with bells are in the set. 

    Music media: wax phonograph barrel 12.6 cm diameter.

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    Инв.763.1-7/УВЗ