Coin operated phonograph “The Graphophone Type S”

    Coin operated phonograph “The Graphophone Type S”

    USA, New-York

    Circa 1897

    American Graphophone Company, Columbia Phonograph Company

    Wood, metal, glass, rubber; mechanical and carpentry work, polishing, decalcomania

    70 x 50.5 x 36 cm, 23 kg


    Coin operated phonograph is made on the base of "The Graphophone Type S" with spring drive, equipped with switching on device activated by a coin dropped into the coin acceptor slot. The machine is mounted on the top panel of rectangular oak wood case, standing on protruding metal feet. The image of goldish ribbon with the name of the device and the manufacturer's company, made in decalcomania technique is on the front side. The phonograph is covered by glass-enclosed bay window with wooden frame, which looks like cylindrical sector. The bay window can be hinged to provide access to the phonograph mechanism for changing wax cylinders. In the raised position, the hinged stopper located on the left side of the solid rear wall fixes the bay window. Metal onlay with coin slot is set on the bay-window upper panel. Ornately shaped wooden frame with colored poster with the inscription: ““FACE TO FACE NOW PLAYNG”,” is fixed above the rear panel. Fitting for acoustic transmission line, to which rubber tube is connected, is in front of the frame. The tube is connected with round metal headphones. The phonograph mechanism is mounted in cast case fixed on steel plate, to which the nameplate indicating the phonograph model, patents, the serial number and manufacturer company is attached. The mechanism is comprised of spindle, on which wax cylinder is pivoted, and escapement screw that moves the reproducing sound box, connected by gear train. Spring engine is located on the panel lower part and is connected to the mechanism by belting. Winding crank is on the case right lateral side. The coin, dropped into the slot of the coin acceptor, falls into the runners and falls on the switcher that activates the motor, the mechanism starts to move. Wax cylinder starts rotating, the needle of the sound box is lowered onto a sound groove, and audio reproduction starts, at the end of which, the sound box rises.
    Music media: phonograph cylinder.