Cylinder Musical Boxes

Cradle-shaped musical box with four interchangeable cylinders and crank

    Cradle-shaped musical box with four interchangeable cylinders and crank


    Circa 1890

    Steel, cast iron, brass, wood (walnut); Mechanical works, carpentry works, casting, electroplating, varnishing, polishing, veneering

    137 x 133 x 60 cm , 60 kg

    On the left-hand spring drum and its support: "GAUCHE", on the bearing supports = Swiss cross and "No 705", on the speed regulator scale: "Lento - Presto", on the sound combs: anchor shaped marks.


    Cylinder musical box movement is mounted in the cradle made of walnut wood. Semi-cylindrical cradle with lattice-type sides and blind end sides is walnut veneered. The cradle is suspended on hooks, between two tall vertical cylindrical columns with spherical finials. The columns, standing on two ornately shaped supports that merge into feet, are connected by a crossbar at the bottom. At the bottom of the cradle, on the right, there is Retractable stop bar fixing the cradle is on the cradle bottom right side. Painted gold cast chassis is fixed inside the cradle, between its lateral sides.

    Musical mechanism with pinned cylinder, two sound combs and engine with two springs is mounted on the chassis. The engine is located on the chassis right side. The springs are wound by the ratchet crank on the right side panel, activating lever, covered by polished onlay with the inscriptions "PLAY-STOP", is next to it.

    The motion is transmitted to the pinned cylinder via variable-speed gear. The motion is also transmitted via idler gear to the cylinder speed-regulating governor, made on the base of wind-driven generator with two vanes. The speed-regulating governor is with polished sickle-shaped scale and head with pointer. The inscription "Lento - Presto" is engraved on the scale. Nickel-plated pinned cylinder, fixed to the end supports with locks, rotates in the chassis right-hand side slot. Unclosing toggle fasteners allow the cylinders to be changed safely.

    Two sound combs with fifty-six tuned teeth each are fixed in front of the cylinder Engraved plates with paper rolls of muffles are fixed to the combs by metal ornately shaped brackets in the form of lyres. The melodies encoded on the cylinders are comprised of six separate fragments. After each circulation, the cylinder moved up a step along the axis by means of an automatic device, without stopping the movement. Thus, the fragments merge into one melody. Wooden panels with rectangular openwork acoustic windows cut through them are mounted on the chassis sides. Wooden stands with cavities that support three interchangeable rollers are fixed on the panels. All cylinders are numbered. Most parts of the mechanism are mirror polished. Four changeable pinned cylinders and winding crank are in the set.