Cheryatov Egor (Georgy)


According to the questionnaire from his investigation file, Georgy Cheryatov was born on April 2, 1873 in the village of Kostino (Dmitrievsky district, Moscow province). Georgy studied in village school.  Cheryatov, a 26-year-old peasant, self-taught craftsman, who received a trade certificate, founded his silver workshop at his place of residence in 1899.

Cheryatov's workshop was the main supplier of silverware and jewelry for the LORIE firm. He mainly made silverware and cutlery, but not only those items. Egor Cheryatov's Art Nouveau products were sold in various stores of other Moscow jewelry firms - Nemirov-Kolodkin, the Moscow branch of the Faberge firm.

"G. Cheryatov"or"G.Ch." - this was the brand mark of the master. Cheryatov wrote his surname on items without the Russian letter “ъ” even before the 1918th year reform. Products with such mark are very rare. Sometimes the mark "EЧ" inside the lozenge was put on products with the mark "LORIE".

The leading style in the work of E.K. Cheryatov was The neo-Russian style that gained special popularity in Moscow at the beginning of the 20th century was the leading style in the creative work of G. Cheryatov. The artisan became a prominent representative and follower of the National Romanticism in silver business. Despite the long-term, fruitful and mutually beneficial cooperation with the Lorie firm, Cheryatov simultaneously produced products that he sold himself.

After 1917, Cheryatov continued to work until 1930. The number of workers was reduced to a few. The workshop produced tableware and cigarette cases according to existing models. The reference book "All Moscow" for 1927 contains information about Cheryatov's workshop: "Manufacture of cigarette cases and other products, five workers…"

He was married to Anna Afanasyevna, several children were born in this marriage (his grandson mentioned 9 children in his grandfather's family, hence Cheryatov himself indicated only four persons in the questionnaire)

In 1930, all existing valuables were requisitioned from Georgy Cheryatov. He found a position in the All-Union Association for Trade with Foreigners "TORGSIN", where, most likely, he was an assessor of gold and silver items appraisal - such professional experts were in high demand in "TORGSIN" in the period of 1931-1936. It was the time when people handed over "currency values" that were preserved after the 1917th to the state establishments.

On August 21, 1937, Cheryatov was arrested. On August 22, he was questioned twice. During the second inquisition, the inquiry officer asked him to “give truthful testimony”. The gravamen was "counter-revolutionary activities against the efforts undertaken by the party and the government, statements of defeatist propaganda". On October 10, 1937, the NKVD troika under the Moscow region Directorate sentenced Georgy Cheryatov to 10 years of imprisonment in Collective Labour Camp. Cheryatov served his sentence in Velsk, Arkhangelsk region from August 21, 1937 to May 15, 1943. Cheryatov was discharged prior to the scheduled date and expelled to the Chistopol region of the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. His youngest daughter took the father to Moscow, where on June 3, 1947 he died of a haemorrhagic stroke. On December 30, 1957, the Moscow Regional Court Presidium annulled the decision of the NKVD troika and dismissed the charge.

The predestination of the prominent Russian jeweller Georgy Cheryatov was tragic. His wife, Anna Afanasyevna, outlived her husband by almost 20 years and died in 1966 in Moscow.

Exhibits in the Museum Collection