September 21 - Collector's Day
September 21 - Collector's Day, in modern Russia is celebrated again since 2016.
Collectors are amazing people; they find value, history and significance in mundane objects. A variety of things are being collected. It is believed, for example, that one of the most valuable collections in the world is the collection of patents; its cost simply cannot be estimated, even approximately. The collection consists of four thousand patents. It belonged to Thomas Edison, the world famous American inventor and entrepreneur. And what's really fascinating, is that these are all his own inventions.
And the "largest" collection is one of tram cars; this collection also includes the Leningrad and Moscow trams. Its owner is from Philadelphia.
The "smallest" collection is located in the former USSR and belongs to Eduard Kazaryan, the Yerevan artist. His collection consists of a huge set of miniatures, which can only be viewed through special strong magnifying glasses. The artist is a violinist by training; he started the collection with a miniature violin of 15 millimetres length, which he created himself.
Collecting is a hobby that is comprised of gathering, studying, organizing and storing objects of personal interest. It is difficult to overestimate the social significance of private collections. Patrons and collectors of the past have provided an opportunity for the general public to admire the treasures -their private collections formed the basis of many museum exhibitions.
Significant museums in many countries started from private collections. They started off with royal collections (Hermitage, Louvre, and Prado).In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, not only aristocrats, but also merchants and entrepreneurs became active and active admirers of art.
Russian Empire’s Chancellor Nikolai Rumyantsev adored old manuscripts and books - there were about 30 thousand volumes in his library. He also had a large collection of paintings. He bequeathed all this to the state, and two years after his death, in 1828, Nicholas I issued a decree establishing the Rumyantsev Museum. It existed for almost a hundred years, constantly replenishing, and if it had not been closed by the Bolsheviks, it would certainly have been among the top five Russian museums. In 1924, his building - (Pashkov house) - was transferred to Russian State Library, and European canvases, including Rembrandt, ended up in the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts) or sent to the regions, and Russian paintings were sent to the Tretyakov Gallery.The famous Russian diplomat Dmitry Tatishchev served as an envoy to many European courts. He bequeathed his collection to Nicholas I. Most of the paintings he bought ended up in the Hermitage. The peculiarity of Tatishchev is that he fell in love with the early Dutch artists, when they were not popular yet. This is how Robert Kampen and Jan van Eyck came to Russia.
Sergei Tretyakov, the brother of the founder of the famous gallery, also adored art, but out of delicacy he did not interfere with Pavel - he practically did not buy Russian works. But his acquisitions of European art were enormous: in particular, he was one of the first to highly appreciate the Barbizon school. In his will, he ordered his famous brother to manage his collection. His collection joined the future Tretyakov Gallery, and after the revolution, most of the Western works were transferred to the Pushkin Museum.
A wealthy Kharkov landowner Natalya Shabelskaya founded a private Museum of Antiquity in Moscow. In search of authentic Russian folk costumes, she travelled all over the country. She also had workshops in which embroiderers restored and created new things. After the death of Shabelskaya, the gigantic collection, alas, turned out to be scattered: more than two thousand things today are in the Ethnographic Museum, the rest are in the Hermitage, the All-Russian Museum of Decorative, Applied and Folk Art, the State Historical Museum.
Today we are pleased to congratulate modern collectors on their holiday.
The admirable work of great patrons of the arts of the past, enamoured with their calling, goes on today. Museum COLLECTION- a well-known cultural and educational project of investor, philanthropist and collector David Yakobachvili and his son Mikhail is already three years old.
We congratulate the founders of our museum on this holiday and wish them new discoveries, rare discoveries and the realization of all plans and undertakings.
It is one of the largest private collections of the world's cultural heritage, the repositories of which hold over 20 000 items. The basis of the collection is built up with a great range of exhibits - self-playing musical instruments and mechanical rarities, among them are music boxes, organs, orchestrions, street organs, mechanical pianos and grand pianos, gramophones and phonographs, accordions, clocks and automata. The Museum houses a great variety of items of art and crafts, paintings and drawings, a comprehensive collection of Russian bronzes, including small statuary of illustrious artists of the 19th – 20th centuries, as well as the collection of old Russian and Foreign silver, glass and crystal.