Barrel Organs

Street organ

    Street organ

    France, Paris


    Gavioli et Cie

    Mahogany, metal, brass, steel, fabric, leather; casting, woodwork, lathing, marquetry, painting

    39 x 67 x 62 cm

    On the façade inner lattice: «6810»; on the medallion: “DIPLÔME D’HONNEUR GAVIOLI & CIE DIX MÉDAILLES D’OR”, “*EXPOSITIONS UNIVERSELLES PARIS 1867•1878•1889*”, “LES PLUS HAUTES RECOMPENSES”. German notes' names near the keys


    Barrel organ in rectangular mahogany case on a pedestal with corner feet. The facade is closed with a removable lattice with three arched windows. The central window is wide; the two side ones are narrow. The lattice crossings are decorated with an ornament made in the marquetry technique from light veneer over dark background. Inserts with painted images of a green curly branch with red bows over pink background are in the lateral windows. The images of a flute and a street organ are on the left insert; pipes and a bear in red uniform are on the right one. The bottom part of the central window is closed with a wooden panel with the inscription "LIMONAIRE FRES PARIS". The case lateral sides are bordered by a narrow triple composed frame of brown veneer. A round metal medallion with indication of the exhibitions, where Gavioli & CIE received medals and diplomas is on the pedestal façade. The pinned barrel axis passes through the flange on the left side. Stop mechanism and a crank that raises and lowers the keyframe are above it. A removable pinned barrel lid and two register sliders’ handles are on the right side. Two straps for fixing the belt are on both lateral sides. Curved metal handle of the mechanism drive is on the case rear side. Two hinged lids are on the top. The back opens access to the pinned barrel and keyframe with twenty-six keys, according to the number of basic tunes. The front one opens access to the organ pipes. The handwritten list of tunes in on the back lid inner side. With the keyframe raised, the barrel can be moved along the axis and set to one of nine fixed positions according to the selected melody. As the crank is moved, the worm gear rotates the barrel and drives the bellows that inject air into the wind chest with valves. Pins and bridges on the lift the keys that open the valves of the corresponding pipes. The air from the wind chest enters the pipes and make them sound. Music media: pinned barrel.